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Capabilities include negotiating the requirements of complex federal and state environmental regulations, defense in agency proceedings and investigations, and supporting in-house compliance audits.  Transactional services include negotiating environmental terms, due diligence oversight, and pre- or post-closing remedial support. Here are a few examples:

Hazardous and UST sites

  • Supporting client in a multi-party cleanup under both U.S. EPA’s non-time-critical removal action authority under Superfund and the state voluntary remediation program.

  • Helping navigate the cleanup of an industrial facility simultaneously under both state brownfields and voluntary remediation programs. 

  • Working with consulting firms to achieve delisting and NFA determinations under state Superfund-type laws and UST programs.

Clean Air and Water

  • Defending clients in Title V, PSD, and other air permitting and emissions enforcement matters. Settled attainment NSR enforcement against a manufacturer for a fraction of the agency penalties.

  • Defending NPDES and erosion and sedimentation proceeding against developer with no work stoppage or penalties.

  • Representing client in discharge and variance proceedings with POTW.  

  • Developing responses to EPA information requests for manufacturing, automotive, and retail clients.

Brownfields Redevelopment

  • Facilitated the redevelopment of brownfields and voluntary cleanup sites, including former industrial plants, shopping centers, and mixed-use developments. 

  • Negotiated private party due diligence, agency disclosures, enrollment in brownfields and VRP programs, and allocation of cleanup responsibilities through governmental liability protections, restrictive covenants, financial assurance mechanisms, and environmental insurance. 


  • Representing client in a state mandated PFAS remediation site.

  • Worked with client and forensic consultant in responding to governmental information requests regarding historical PFAS disposal.

  • Negotiating the allocation of PFAS risk in private party transactions.

Practices: Text
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